Antonin Novak - homepage


Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Laboratoire d'Acoustique de l'Université du Maine
UMR-CNRS 6613
Université du Maine
Av. Olivier Messiaen
72085 Le Mans Cedex 9

Email Address: ant.novak[at]gmail.com

Antonin Novak





DISCLAIMER: This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the publishers.



Articles in peer reviewed journals

A. Novak, P. Honzik & M. Bruneau (2017), "Dynamic behaviour of a planar micro-beam loaded by a fluid-gap: Analytical and numerical approach in a high frequency range, benchmark solutions", Journal of Sound and Vibration. Vol. 401(2017), pp. 36-53.
Abstract: Miniaturized vibrating MEMS devices, active (receivers or emitters) or passive devices, and their use for either new applications (hearing, meta-materials, consumer devices, ...) or metrological purposes under non-standard conditions, are involved today in several acoustic domains. More in-depth characterisation than the classical ones available until now are needed. In this context, the paper presents analytical and numerical approaches for describing the behaviour of three kinds of planar micro-beams of rectangular shape (suspended rigid or clamped elastic planar beam) loaded by a backing cavity or a fluid-gap, surrounded by very thin slits, and excited by an incident acoustic field. The analytical approach accounts for the coupling between the vibrating structure and the acoustic field in the backing cavity, the thermal and viscous diffusion processes in the boundary layers in the slits and the cavity, the modal behaviour for the vibrating structure, and the non-uniformity of the acoustic field in the backing cavity which is modelled in using an integral formulation with a suitable Green's function. Benchmark solutions are proposed in terms of beam motion (from which the sensitivity, input impedance, and pressure transfer function can be calculated). A numerical implementation (FEM) is handled against which the analytical results are tested.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2017dynamic,
    author={Novak, A and Honzik, P and Bruneau, M},
    title={Dynamic behaviour of a planar micro-beam loaded by a fluid-gap: Analytical and numerical approach in a high frequency range, benchmark solutions},
    journal={Journal of Sound and Vibration},
    volume={401},
    number={2017},
    pages={36-53},
    year={2017},
    publisher={Elsevier}
}
M. Zakerin et al. (2017), "Thermal Characterization of Dynamic Silicon Cantilever Array Sensors by Digital Holographic Microscopy", Sensors. Vol. 17(6), pp. 11.
Abstract: In this paper, we apply a digital holographic microscope (DHM) in conjunction with stroboscopic acquisition synchronization. Here, the temperature-dependent decrease of the first resonance frequency (S1(T)) and Young’s elastic modulus (E1(T)) of silicon micromechanical cantilever sensors (MCSs) are measured. To perform these measurements, the MCSs are uniformly heated from T0 = 298 K to T = 450 K while being externally actuated with a piezo-actuator in a certain frequency range close to their first resonance frequencies. At each temperature, the DHM records the time-sequence of the 3D topographies for the given frequency range. Such holographic data allow for the extracting of the out-of-plane vibrations at any relevant area of the MCSs. Next, the Bode and Nyquist diagrams are used to determine the resonant frequencies with a precision of 0.1 Hz. Our results show that the decrease of resonance frequency is a direct consequence of the reduction of the silicon elastic modulus upon heating. The measured temperature dependence of the Young’s modulus is in very good accordance with the previously-reported values, validating the reliability and applicability of this method for micromechanical sensing applications.
BibTeX:
@article{s17061191,
    author={Zakerin, Marjan and Novak, Antonin and Toda, Masaya and Emery, Yves and Natalio, Filipe and Butt, Hans-Jürgen and Berger, Rüdiger},
    title={Thermal Characterization of Dynamic Silicon Cantilever Array Sensors by Digital Holographic Microscopy},
    journal={Sensors},
    volume={17},
    number={6},
    pages={11},
    year={2017},
    publisher={}
}
A. Novak (2016), "Modeling Viscoelastic Properties of Loudspeaker Suspensions Using Fractional Derivatives", J. Audio Eng. Soc. Vol. 64(1), pp. 35-44.
Abstract: This paper shows that mechanical models of the materials used in loudspeaker suspensions may be more accurate by incorporating fractional derivatives in the model. In conventional differential equations, the differentiating order is a real integer, whereas for fractional derivatives the order is only constrained to be a real number with a fractional piece. The results of four loudspeakers with different types of suspension show that the proposed model with a single fractional element provides very low RMS error when compared to the measured data for all loudspeakers measured in standard atmosphere as well as in vacuum. Many materials used in loudspeaker suspensions exhibit significant frequency dependence of damping and compliance due to their various viscoelastic properties. Many physical processes, including the viscoelastic materials, exhibit fractional order behavior. In addition there exists a physical interpretation of the fractional derivatives, which makes them more compelling that a purely empirical model.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2016fractional,
    author={Novak, Antonin},
    title={Modeling Viscoelastic Properties of Loudspeaker Suspensions Using Fractional Derivatives},
    journal={J. Audio Eng. Soc},
    volume={64},
    number={1},
    pages={35-44},
    year={2016},
    publisher={}
}
A. Novak, F. Rund & P. Honzik (2016), "Impulse Response Measurements using MLS Technique on Nonsynchronous Devices", Journal of the Audio Engineering Society. Vol. 64(12), pp. 978-987.
Abstract: Maximum-length sequences (MLS) are widely used for measurement of impulse responses of linear time-invariant systems in acoustic and audio systems. It is usually believed that one of the drawbacks of the MLS technique is a requirement of synchronized devices used for the generation and acquisition of the MLS signals. This study shows that the MLS technique can easily be improved and applied to devices that are not synchronous, or operate at different sampling frequencies. To show the efficiency of the proposed modification to MLS technique, the authors provided several experiments, as for example, a measurement with devices working at 44.1 kHz on the generation side and 96 kHz on the acquisition side, or a measurement of the frequency response function of an inexpensive mobile phone in which the synchronous clocking is not possible. Modifications to the classical MLS method are easy to implement and do not require excessive computational cost.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2016impulse,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Rund, Frantisek and Honzik, Petr},
    title={Impulse Response Measurements using MLS Technique on Nonsynchronous Devices},
    journal={Journal of the Audio Engineering Society},
    volume={64},
    number={12},
    pages={978-987},
    year={2016},
    publisher={Audio Engineering Society}
}
B. Merit & A. Novak (2015), "Magnet-Only Loudspeaker Magnetic Circuits: A Solution for Significantly Lower Current Distortion", Journal of the Audio Engineering Society. Vol. 63(6), pp. 463-474.
Abstract: When the motor of a classical electrodynamic loudspeaker has been replaced by a so-called magnet-only motor, current distortion caused by magnetic circuits is significantly reduced. All of the nonlinear soft-iron pieces are removed, and the magnetic field is created by a combination of permanent magnets. Two loudspeakers are compared in the study: the first sample is a mass-produced 6.5-inch loudspeaker. The second sample is built replacing the magnetic circuit of the first loudspeaker by the magnet-only structure. Thus, the moving parts, including the voice-coil, diaphragm, and suspensions are kept identical for both samples, leading to a comparison based only on their motors. The measurements on the original loudspeaker have shown a significant variation of apparent resistance and inductance of the voice-coil with current, displacement, and frequency. Conversely, the measurements on the magnet-only loudspeaker have shown almost no variation whatever the frequency, current level, or position of the voice-coil.
BibTeX:
@article{merit2015magnet,
    author={Merit, Benoit and Novak, Antonin},
    title={Magnet-Only Loudspeaker Magnetic Circuits: A Solution for Significantly Lower Current Distortion},
    journal={Journal of the Audio Engineering Society},
    volume={63},
    number={6},
    pages={463-474},
    year={2015},
    publisher={Audio Engineering Society}
}
A. Novak, P. Lotton & L. Simon (2015), "Synchronized Swept-Sine: Theory, Application, and Implementation", Journal of the Audio Engineering Society. Vol. 63(10), pp. 786-798.
Abstract: Exponential swept-sine signals are very often used to analyze nonlinear audio systems. A reexamination of this methodology shows that a synchronization procedure is necessary for the proper analysis of higher harmonics. An analytical expression of spectra of the swept-sine signal is derived and used in the deconvolution of the impulse response. Matlab code for generation of the synchronized swept-sine, deconvolution, and separation of the impulse responses is given. This report provides a discussion of some application issues and an illustrative example of harmonic analysis of current distortion of a woofer. An analysis of the higher harmonics of the current distortion of a woofer is compared using both the synchronized and the non-synchronized swept-sine signals.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2015synchronized,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Lotton, Pierrick and Simon, Laurent},
    title={Synchronized Swept-Sine: Theory, Application, and Implementation},
    journal={Journal of the Audio Engineering Society},
    volume={63},
    number={10},
    pages={786-798},
    year={2015},
    publisher={Audio Engineering Society}
}
A. Novak, B. Maillou, P. Lotton & L. Simon (2014), "Nonparametric Identification of Nonlinear Systems in Series", Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on. Vol. 63(8), pp. 2044-2051.
Abstract: In this paper, a method allowing the identification of two nonlinear systems in series is presented. More precisely, the identification of the second nonlinear subsystem under test is achieved by considering the effects of the nonlinearities of the first subsystem. The method is based on the estimation of the higher harmonic frequency responses from the measurement of distorted input and output signals. The second nonlinear system is then modeled by nonparametric generalized Hammerstein model made up of power series associated with linear filters. The method is experimentally validated in the well-known framework of nonlinear propagation of acoustic waves.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2014nonparametric,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Maillou, Balbine and Lotton, Pierrick and Simon, Laurent},
    title={Nonparametric Identification of Nonlinear Systems in Series},
    journal={Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on},
    volume={63},
    number={8},
    pages={2044-2051},
    year={2014},
    publisher={IEEE}
}
A. Novak, M. Bentahar, V. Tournat, R. El Guerjouma & L. Simon (2012), "Nonlinear acoustic characterization of micro-damaged materials through higher harmonic resonance analysis", NDT & E International. Vol. 45(1), pp. 1-8.
Abstract: A method developed for the analysis of nonlinear systems is applied for the first time to non-destructive testing of diverse materials using vibrations and elastic waves. This method allows to extract the vibrational/acoustical responses of the system, at the excitation frequency and importantly, also at higher harmonics, with the help of a nonlinear convolution signal analysis. It is then possible to make use of the robust nonlinear resonance method together with the harmonic generation method in order to analyze the nonlinear elastic resonances of a sample at excitation frequency harmonics. Definitions of the nonlinear hysteretic parameters associated to higher harmonic resonances are provided. The bases of the signal analysis method are also described. A higher sensitivity to the presence of gradual damage compared to the classical nonlinear resonance method is demonstrated experimentally for diverse materials and configurations.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2012nonlinear,
    author={Novak, A and Bentahar, M and Tournat, V and El Guerjouma, R and Simon, L},
    title={Nonlinear acoustic characterization of micro-damaged materials through higher harmonic resonance analysis},
    journal={NDT & E International},
    volume={45},
    number={1},
    pages={1-8},
    year={2012},
    publisher={Elsevier}
}
J. Legland, V. Tournat, O. Dazel, A. Novak & V. Gusev (2012), "Linear and nonlinear Biot waves in a noncohesive granular medium slab: Transfer function, self-action, second harmonic generation", The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 131(6), pp. 4292-4303.
Abstract: Experimental results are reported on second harmonic generation and self-action in a noncohesive granular medium supporting wave energy propagation both in the solid frame and in the saturating fluid. The acoustic transfer function of the probed granular slab can be separated into two main frequency regions: a low frequency region where the wave propagation is controlled by the solid skeleton elastic properties, and a higher frequency region where the behavior is dominantly due to the air saturating the beads. Experimental results agree well with a recently developed nonlinear Biot wavemodel applied to granular media. The linear transfer function, second harmonic generation, and self-action effect are studied as a function of bead diameter, compaction step, excitation amplitude, and frequency. This parametric study allows one to isolate different propagation regimes involving a range of described and interpreted linear and nonlinear processes that are encountered in granular media experiments. In particular, a theoretical interpretation is proposed for the observed strong self-action effect.
BibTeX:
@article{legland2012linear,
    author={Legland, JB and Tournat, V and Dazel, O and Novak, A and Gusev, V},
    title={Linear and nonlinear Biot waves in a noncohesive granular medium slab: Transfer function, self-action, second harmonic generation},
    journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
    volume={131},
    number={6},
    pages={4292-4303},
    year={2012},
    publisher={Acoustical Society of America}
}
A. Novak, L. Simon, F. Kadlec & P. Lotton (2010), "Nonlinear system identification using exponential swept-sine signal", Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on. Vol. 59(8), pp. 2220-2229.
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a method for nonlinear system (NLS) identification using a swept-sine input signal and based on nonlinear convolution. The method uses a nonlinear model, namely, the nonparametric generalized polynomial Hammerstein model made of power series associated with linear filters. Simulation results show that the method identifies the nonlinear model of the system under test and estimates the linear filters of the unknown NLS. The method has also been tested on a real-world system: an audio limiter. Once the nonlinear model of the limiter is identified, a test signal can be regenerated to compare the outputs of both the real-world system and its nonlinear model. The results show good agreement between both model-based and real-world system outputs.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2010nonlinear,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Simon, Laurent and Kadlec, Frantisek and Lotton, Pierrick},
    title={Nonlinear system identification using exponential swept-sine signal},
    journal={Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on},
    volume={59},
    number={8},
    pages={2220-2229},
    year={2010},
    publisher={IEEE}
}
A. Novak, L. Simon & P. Lotton (2010), "Analysis, synthesis, and classification of nonlinear systems using synchronized swept-sine method for audio effects", EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing. Vol. 2010(0), pp. 4.
Abstract: A new method of identification, based on an input synchronized exponential swept-sine signal, is used to analyze and synthesize nonlinear audio systems like overdrive pedals for guitar. Two different pedals are studied; the first one exhibiting a strong influence of the input signal level on its input/output law and the second one exhibiting a weak influence of this input signal level. The Synchronized Swept Sine method leads to a Generalized Polynomial Hammerstein model equivalent to the pedals under test. The behaviors of both pedals are illustrated through model-based resynthesized signals. Moreover, it is also shown that this method leads to a criterion allowing the classification of the nonlinear systems under test, according to the influence of the input signal levels on their input/output law.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2010analysis,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Simon, Laurent and Lotton, Pierrick},
    title={Analysis, synthesis, and classification of nonlinear systems using synchronized swept-sine method for audio effects},
    journal={EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing},
    volume={2010},
    number={0},
    pages={4},
    year={2010},
    publisher={Hindawi Publishing Corp.}
}
A. Novak, M. Bentahar, L. Simon & R. El Guerjouma (2010), "Apport de la convolution non lineaire a la caracterisation de l'endommagement des materiaux heterogenes en resonance", Instrumentation Mesures Metrologie. Vol. 10(1), pp. 175-194.
Abstract: Implementation of nonlinear convolution method, usually called Synchronous Swept Sine, is presented in the frame of damage characterisation of heterogeneous materials. The estimation of higher order frequency responses, the used approach allows detection of new resonance modes created during the interaction of classical resonance modes with damage. The created modes made possible the definition of new nonlinear parameters whose sensitivity to the presence of damage as well as its propagation is likely to go beyond structural health monitoring applications by offering a better understanding of the physics corresponding to hysteretic non linear materials.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2010_I2M,
    author={Novak, A. and Bentahar, M. and Simon, L. and El Guerjouma, R.},
    title={Apport de la convolution non lineaire a la caracterisation de l'endommagement des materiaux heterogenes en resonance},
    journal={Instrumentation Mesures Metrologie},
    volume={10},
    number={1},
    pages={175-194},
    year={2010},
    publisher={}
}
A. Novak (2007), "Identification of Nonlinear Systems: Volterra Series Simplification", Acta Polytechnica. Vol. 47(4), pp. 72-75.
Abstract: Traditional measurement of multimedia systems, e.g. linear impulse response and transfer function, are sufficient but not faultless. For these methods the pure linear system is considered and nonlinearities, which are usually included in real systems, are disregarded. One of the ways to describe and analyze a nonlinear system is by using Volterra Series representation. However, this representation uses an enormous number of coefficients. In this work a simplification of this method is proposed and an experiment with an audio amplifier is shown.
BibTeX:
@article{novak2007volterra,
    author={Novak, A.},
    title={Identification of Nonlinear Systems: Volterra Series Simplification},
    journal={Acta Polytechnica},
    volume={47},
    number={4},
    pages={72-75},
    year={2007},
    publisher={}
}


Book chapters

M. Bentahar et al. (2015), "Nonlinear acoustics and acoustic emission methods to monitor damage in mesoscopic elastic materials", Emerging Technologies in Non-Destructive Testing VI., pp. 161-166.
Abstract: Microcracked composites and metals usually exhibit a high level of nonlinearity in their elastic response already at low amplitudes of excitation. In order to quantify these behaviors, different nonlinear indicators can be used depending on the required parameters and the experimental configuration of interest. In this contribution several acoustic nonlinear techniques are presented in order to detect and monitor the presence and evolution of micro-cracks in different kind of materials. In particular, the development of a particular "vibrational/acoustical" arrangement made the use of the robust nonlinear resonance method together with the harmonic generation method possible. Besides, the definition of a proper nonlinear indicator and its dependence on the excitation amplitude, allowed obtaining a power law behavior of cracked materials. Finally, the correlation between acoustic emission and nonlinear relaxation results shows that all mechanisms relax as the logarithm of their corresponding energy but with different dynamics.
BibTeX:
@incollection{bentahar2015nonlinear,
    author={Bentahar, M and El Guerjouma, R and Mechri, C and Baccouche, Y and Idjimarene, S and Novak, A and Toumi, S and Tournat, V and Thomas, JH and Scalerandi, M},
    title={Nonlinear acoustics and acoustic emission methods to monitor damage in mesoscopic elastic materials},
    year={2015},
}

International conferences, workshops

A. Novak et al. (2016), "Non-linear Identification Of An Electric Guitar Pickup", Proc. of the 16th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-16).
Abstract: Physical models of electric guitars are still not very widespread in the scientific literature. Especially, the description of the non linear behavior of pickups still requires some refinements. This paper deals with the identification of pickup non linearities based on a Hammerstein representation, by means of a specific experimental set-up to drive the pickup in a controlled way. A comparison with experimental results shows that the model succeeds in describing the pickup when used in realistic conditions.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novak_dafx16,
    author={Novak, A. and Guadagnin, L. and Lihoreau, B. and Lotton, P. and Brasseur, E. and Simon, L.},
    title={Non-linear Identification Of An Electric Guitar Pickup},
    booktitle={Proc. of the 16th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-16)},
    year={2016},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, L. Simon & P. Lotton (2016), "Extension of Generalized Hammerstein Model to Non-Polynomial Inputs", EUSIPCO 2016.
Abstract: The Generalized Hammerstein model has been successfully used during last few years in many physical applications to describe the behavior of a nonlinear system under test. The main advantage of such a nonlinear model is its capability to model efficiently nonlinear systems while keeping the computational cost low. On the other hand, this model can not predict complicated nonlinear behaviors such as hysteretic one. In this paper, we propose an extension of the Generalized Hammerstein model to a model with non polynomial nonlinear inputs that allows modeling more complicated nonlinear systems. A simulation provided in this paper shows a good agreement between the model and the hysteretic nonlinear system under test.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novak2016extension,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Simon, Laurent and Lotton, Pierrick},
    title={Extension of Generalized Hammerstein Model to Non-Polynomial Inputs},
    booktitle={EUSIPCO 2016},
    year={2016},
    organization={}
}
E. Brasseur, A. Novak, P. Lotton, B. Lihoreau & a. L. (2016), "Développement de bancs de mesure pour la caractérisation des pickups électromagnétiques", 13e Congrès Français d'Acoustique.
Abstract: Les microphones (pickups) de guitares électriques sont des transducteurs électromagnétiques sensibles à la vitesse des cordes de la guitare. Dans le cadre des recherches menées au LAUM concernant la caractérisation de ces capteurs, un premier banc de mesure a été développé. Ce banc permet de mesurer simultanément la tension de sortie du pickup et la vitesse d’une corde, lorsque celle-ci est soumise à une excitation impulsionnelle effectuée à l'aide d'un plectre automatisé. Un deuxième dispositif expérimental a été développé permettant de mesurer la réponse du pickup lorsqu’une portion de corde, montée sur un pot vibrant et placée devant le capteur, est soumise à un mouvement sinusoïdal entretenu contrôlé en fréquence et en amplitude. Le comportement du pot-vibrant étant non-linéaire, la vitesse de la corde est distordue, ce qui introduit des erreurs non négligeables dans l’analyse des résultats expérimentaux. Par conséquent un système de contrôle actif a été développé qui consiste à ajouter, en temps réel, à la tension d'excitation du pot vibrant des harmoniques supérieurs, contrôlés en amplitude et en phase de manière à générer une vitesse de la corde purement sinusoïdale. Afin de maîtriser au mieux les paramètres des pickups à caractériser, l’étude est menée sur une série de pickups monoplots réalisés au laboratoire. Les différentes étapes de conception des bancs de mesures, les contraintes techniques, les choix technologiques ainsi que le processus de réalisation des pickups seront présentés. La présentation du système de contrôle actif permettant la linéarisation de la vitesse générée par la source du deuxième banc de mesure fera l'objet d'un point particulier.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novakCFA16_01,
    author={Brasseur, E. and Novak, A. and Lotton, P. and Lihoreau, B. and Guadagnin L.},
    title={Développement de bancs de mesure pour la caractérisation des pickups électromagnétiques},
    booktitle={13e Congrès Français d'Acoustique},
    year={2016},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, P. Honzik, M. Bruneau & N. Joly (2016), "Modélisation analytique et contrôle numérique du comportement d'une micro-poutre vibrante chargée par une couche de fluide à l'arrière", 13e Congrès Français d'Acoustique.
Abstract: L'usage de systèmes dynamiques miniatures (MEMS), actifs (récepteurs ou émetteurs) ou passifs, pour de nouvelles applications (audition, méta-matériaux, biens de consommations, ...) ou en métrologie sous des conditions non-standard, apparaît à l'heure actuelle dans divers domaines de l'acoustique. Des caractérisations plus précises que celles disponibles aujourd'hui sont rendues nécessaires. Dans ce contexte, le travail présenté ici porte sur une approche analytique et numérique pour décrire le comportement des diverses formes de systèmes comportant chacun une micro-poutre de forme rectangulaire (poutre rigide suspendue ou poutre élastique plane) chargée à l'arrière par une petite cavité ou une fine couche de fluide, entourée de très fines fentes (qui évitent la conception complexe de suspensions, assurent l'équilibre des pressions statiques et contribuent à l'amortissement), et mise en vibration par un champ acoustique incident. La modélisation analytique prend en compte le fort couplage entre la poutre et le champ de pression acoustique à l'arrière, les processus de diffusion visqueux et thermiques dans les couches limites dans les fentes et la cavité arrière, le comportement modal dans le cas de la poutre élastique, la non uniformité du champ acoustique à l'arrière de la poutre qui est modélisée en faisant usage du formalisme intégral, et finalement le couplage des champs acoustiques de part et d'autre de la poutre au travers des fentes. Dans les diverses configurations étudiées, des solutions générales sont proposées pour le mouvement de la poutre, conduisant à exprimer une sensibilité, une impédance d'entrée ou une fonction de transfert acoustique selon le système considéré en pratique. Un calcul numérique (FEM) est mené en parallèle, qui permet de valider les résultats analytiques obtenus.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novakCFA16_02,
    author={Novak, A. and Honzik, P. and Bruneau, M. and Joly, N.},
    title={Modélisation analytique et contrôle numérique du comportement d'une micro-poutre vibrante chargée par une couche de fluide à l'arrière},
    booktitle={13e Congrès Français d'Acoustique},
    year={2016},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, P. Honzik, M. Bruneau & F. Fohr (2016), "Étude de filtre pour protecteur auditif passif", 13e Congrès Français d'Acoustique.
Abstract: Les protecteurs auditifs passifs placés dans le canal auditif sont d'usage courant pour assurer la protection contre les bruits intenses. De nos jours, les différents principes utilisés permettent généralement de réaliser des atténuations globales de 15 dB à 25 dB mais avec une courbe de restitution en fréquence très déséquilibrée (atténuation principalement des hautes fréquences et suppression de la résonance naturelle du canal auditif vers 3 kHz). Seuls les principes de filtres acoustiques utilisant une fine membrane fermant le canal présentent une réponse en fréquence plus équilibrée. Cependant, ce principe présente l'inconvénient majeur d’empêcher la ventilation du canal auditif (transpiration) et l'égalisation de pression. Pour tenter de proposer une autre voie de développement de filtres acoustiques à réponse en fréquence adaptée, nous proposons une étude qui a pour objet d'associer des petits éléments dont le comportement relève des fonctions de petits guides et cavités de formes adaptées, couplés entre eux, formant ainsi un système qui ne nécessite pas l'usage de membrane (tout au plus celui d'un petit oscillateur). Les résultats analytiques et numériques obtenus à ce jour, qui prennent en compte la dissipation thermo-visqueuse dans les couches limites, montrent la faisabilité de tels protecteurs auditifs.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novakCFA16_03,
    author={Novak, A. and Honzik, P. and Bruneau, M. and Fohr, F.},
    title={Étude de filtre pour protecteur auditif passif},
    booktitle={13e Congrès Français d'Acoustique},
    year={2016},
    organization={}
}
B. Maillou, P. Lotton, A. Novak & L. Simon (2016), "Comportement Non-Linéaire des Suspensions Mécaniques d'un Haut-Parleur : Caractérisation et Identification", 13e Congrès Français d'Acoustique.
Abstract: Dans le fonctionnement d'un haut-parleur électrodynamique, les non-linéarités générées en cas de fort niveau d'excitation électrique peuvent être d'origines électrique, mécanique ou acoustique. Le travail présenté ici porte sur le comportement mécanique en basses fréquences de l'équipage mobile lorsqu'il est soumis à un déplacement de grande amplitude, et plus spécifiquement sur le comportement des suspensions. Traditionnellement, le modèle de Thiele & Small décrit le comportement mécanique de l'équipage mobile en régime linéaire comme celui d'un système masse-ressort amorti. En régime non-linéaire, les paramètres de raideur et d'amortissement de ce modèle ne suffisent plus pour décrire le comportement mécanique complexe observé. L'identification d'un modèle « Hammerstein Généralisé », à partir de données expérimentales caractérisant un équipage mobile d'un haut-parleur découplé de la partie "moteur magnétique", est alors proposée. Les performances et limites d'un tel modèle non-linéaire non-paramétrique des suspensions de haut-parleur sont discutées. Enfin, les paramètres d’un modèle dit de « Thiele et Small étendu » sont déduits à partir des paramètres du modèle «Hammerstein Généralisé» et permettent de mettre en évidence l’évolution de la raideur et de l’amortissement avec la fréquence d’excitation et le déplacement de la membrane, ainsi que la dépendance des phénomènes observés avec le niveau d’excitation.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novakCFA16_04,
    author={Maillou, B. and Lotton, P. and Novak, A. and Simon, L.},
    title={Comportement Non-Linéaire des Suspensions Mécaniques d'un Haut-Parleur : Caractérisation et Identification},
    booktitle={13e Congrès Français d'Acoustique},
    year={2016},
    organization={}
}
B. Maillou, P. Lotton, A. Novak & L. Simon (2014), "Mechanical Nonlinearities of Electrodynamic Loudspeakers: An Experimental Study", Audio Engineering Society Convention 136.
Abstract: Spider and surround suspensions are at the origin of viscoelastic and nonlinear behaviors of loudspeakers because of their assembly geometry and their intrinsic materials. We propose here a new dynamic experimental method to characterize these properties. We drive the loudspeaker moving part with a shaker and measure the driving force, the acceleration, the velocity, and the displacement. Results are presented and discussed for a given loudspeaker, which surround suspensions exhibit viscoelastic behavior.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{maillou2014mechanical,
    author={Maillou, Balbine and Lotton, Pierrick and Novak, Antonin and Simon, Laurent},
    title={Mechanical Nonlinearities of Electrodynamic Loudspeakers: An Experimental Study},
    booktitle={Audio Engineering Society Convention 136},
    year={2014},
    organization={Audio Engineering Society}
}
A. Novak, P. Lotton & L. Simon (2014), "Dynamic measurement of loudspeaker suspension parameters using an active harmonic control technique", Audio Engineering Society Convention 136.
Abstract: A new nondestructive technique to measure the nonlinear suspension parameters (stiffness Kms and mechanical resistance Rms) of a loudspeaker using an active harmonic control technique is presented. The goal of the active harmonic control is to eliminate the higher harmonics from the displacement signal so that a purely harmonic motion of the diaphragm is ensured. The nonlinear stiffness Kms is then measured as a function of instantaneous and peak displacement; the mechanical resistance Rms is measured as a function of velocity. A frequency dependence of these parameters is also discussed.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novak2014dynamic,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Lotton, Pierrick and Simon, Laurent},
    title={Dynamic measurement of loudspeaker suspension parameters using an active harmonic control technique},
    booktitle={Audio Engineering Society Convention 136},
    year={2014},
    organization={Audio Engineering Society}
}
A. Novak, P. Lotton & L. Simon (2014), "Nonlinear Force Factor Measurement of an Electrodynamic Loudspeaker", Proc. Forum Acusticum.
Abstract: An electrodynamic loudspeaker is usually characterized using a linear lumped parameter model, whose physical parameters are assumed to be constant. Such a linear approximation is sufficient for small excitation levels, but becomes insufficient for larger ones. The model is therefore usually extended allowing a variation of the parameters with the displacement of the diaphragm, the current intensity in the coil, the frequency and many other physical quantities. One of the important nonlinear parameters is the force factor Bl that characterizes the magneto-electrical performance of the loudspeaker and that can be highly dependent on the voice-coil displacement. In this paper, we propose a simple and precise method to estimate the force factor Bl of the loudspeaker as a function of the displacement of the voice-coil. The voice-coil is displaced from its rest position electrically using a direct current and a swept-sine signal of small level is fed to the loudspeaker. The signals of the electric tension, the current and the velocity of the diaphragm are recorded and used to estimated the force factor Bl. This process is repeated with different values of direct current to obtain the force factor as a static function of the voice-coil displacement. The experimental results of arbitrary chosen loudspeakers are shown.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novak2014force,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Lotton, Pierrick and Simon, Laurent},
    title={Nonlinear Force Factor Measurement of an Electrodynamic Loudspeaker},
    booktitle={Proc. Forum Acusticum},
    year={2014},
    organization={EAA}
}
B. Maillou et al. (2012), "Electrodynamic loudspeakers suspensions nonlinearities, study and measurements", Acoustics 2012 Nantes.
Abstract: Nonlinearities characterization and identification of acoustical systems is an active research field, notably in the area of electroacoustics. An innovative characterization and identification method, based on the nonlinear convolution and the use of a synchronized swept-sine excitation signal, has recently been developped. In this paper, this method is applied to the study of the nonlinearities exhibited by the mechanical suspensions of an electrodynamic loudspeaker. Nonlinear behaviours are specially studied as function of the amplitude of the displacement of the membrane of the loudspeaker. In this context, we develop an experimental setup from the signal generator to the mobile part of the tested component, specially designed in order to obtain a great harmonic distortion measurement dynamic range and, thus, to allow the measurement of weak nonlinearities. Nonlinearities are estimated for both the external and internal suspensions independently, and for several kinds of loudspeakers. Results are compared with those obtained by other methods available in the literature.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{maillou2012electrodynamic,
    author={Maillou, Balbine and Novak, Antonin and Blondeau, James and Brouard, Bruno and Gnevaux, Jean-Michel and Lotton, Pierrick and Simon, Laurent},
    title={Electrodynamic loudspeakers suspensions nonlinearities, study and measurements},
    booktitle={Acoustics 2012 Nantes},
    year={2012},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak & B. Merit (2012), "Magnet-only loudspeaker motors: linear behavior theory vs. Nonlinear measurements", Acoustics 2012 Nantes.
Abstract: A few years ago, a new concept of magnet-only loudspeaker has been proposed to improve the quality of the reproduced sound. Such a loudspeaker is called magnet-only because its magnetic circuit is totally made of rare-earth permanent magnets. Unlike the classical electrodynamic loudspeaker, no iron is used. According to the theory, the exclusive use of permanent magnets and the absence of iron can lead to a uniform motor parameters (force factor Bl, resistance Re and inductance Le) over the voice-coil displacement and thus to a decrease of the nonlinear distortion and to an improvement of the sound quality. To our knowledge, such motor parameters have not been consistently quantified, neither their variations. In this paper, the variation of the parameters of a magnet-only loudspeaker are measured. The goal is to verify the theory and to show that using a simple measurement procedure one can understand better why a magnet-only loudspeaker improves the quality of the reproduced sound.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novak2012magnet,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Merit, Benoit},
    title={Magnet-only loudspeaker motors: linear behavior theory vs. Nonlinear measurements},
    booktitle={Acoustics 2012 Nantes},
    year={2012},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak & B. Merit (2012), "Static and Dynamic Measurement of a Magnet-only Loudspeaker", EURONOISE 2012.
Abstract: A new loudspeaker technology using Magnet-only motors has been presented recently. Unlike the classical electrodynamic loudspeaker, no iron is used in the motor part. The presence of iron in traditional loudspeaker motor is a source of nonlinearities and, as a consequence, deteriorates the reproduced sound quality. According to the theory of Magnet-only motors, the loudspeaker parameters should vary less than in the case of a classical electrodynamic loudspeaker. In this paper, the parameters of a Magnet-only loudspeaker are measured statically and dynamically. The results presented in this paper clarify why a magnet-only loudspeaker improves the quality of the reproduced sound.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novak2012euronoise,
    author={Novak, Antonin and Merit, Benoit},
    title={Static and Dynamic Measurement of a Magnet-only Loudspeaker},
    booktitle={EURONOISE 2012},
    year={2012},
    organization={EURONOISE}
}
P. Michaud, P. Herzog, S. Meunier & A. Novak (2011), "Perceptual evaluation of loudspeaker nonlinearities", Proc. Forum Acusticum.
Abstract: This study deals with the evaluation of the perception of distortion in the restitution of musical excerpts played by loudspeakers. The main focus is to evaluate the perceived distortion induced by low frequency nonlinearities of the loudspeaker. A large panel is created in which only the distortion varies among the loudspeakers. The "virtual" loudspeakers are created from one single actual loudspeaker by associating its anechoic filtered tweeter recording and its woofer signal model in which the distortion can be modified. To model the woofer restitution, its identification is done using a swept sine technique which separates the linear and higher order impulse responses. These impulse responses are used as linear and nonlinear frequency filters characterizing the sound pressure of the system under test. The woofer synthesis consists in expanding the musical excerpts on the basis of Chebyshev polynomials combined with the identified frequency filters (Novak et al., DAFx 2010). Different "virtual" loudspeakers are obtained by amplifying or reducing the influence of specific nonlinearities. In order to evaluate the perceived distortion, in realistic listening conditions, the auralization technique was used to convolve the "virtual" loudspeakers with the impulse response of a suitable room. Upcoming listening tests are conducted with headphones to evaluate the perceived differences over the created panel of loudspeakers with a method allowing the evaluation of large sets of stimuli. The dissimilarity judgments can then be analyzed with a Multidimensional scaling (MDS) technique to reveal the underlying dimensions of the distortion space.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{michaud2011perceptual,
    author={Michaud, Pierre-Yohan and Herzog, Philippe and Meunier, Sabine and Novak, Antonin},
    title={Perceptual evaluation of loudspeaker nonlinearities},
    booktitle={Proc. Forum Acusticum},
    year={2011},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, L. Simon, P. and Lotton & J. Gilbert (2010), "Chebyshev Model and Synchronized Swept Sine Method in Nonlinear Audio Effect Modeling", Proc. of the 13th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-10).
Abstract: A new method for the identification of nonlinear systems, based on an input exponential swept sine signal has been proposed by Farina ten years ago. This method has been recently modified in purpose of nonlinear model estimation using a synchronized swept sine signal. It allows a robust and fast one-path analysis and identification of the unknown nonlinear system under test. In this paper this modified method is applied with Chebyshev polynomial decomposition. The combination of the Synchronized Swept Sine Method and Chebyshev polynomials leads to a nonlinear model consisting of several parallel branches, each branch containing a nonlinear Chebyshev polynomial following by a linear filter. The method is tested on an overdrive effect pedal to simulate an analog nonlinear effect in digital domain.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novak_dafx10,
    author={Novak, A. and Simon, L. and and Lotton, P and Gilbert, J.},
    title={Chebyshev Model and Synchronized Swept Sine Method in Nonlinear Audio Effect Modeling},
    booktitle={Proc. of the 13th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-10)},
    year={2010},
    organization={}
}
F. Kadlec, K. Ulovec & A. Novak (2010), "Application of SWT and MISO Methods for Measurement and Analysis of Electro-Acoustic and Audio Systems", 17th Internation congress on Sound and Vibration.
Abstract: This contribution deals with performance evaluation of electro-acoustic and audio systems with non-linearities by a combination of two existing methods: Sweep Sine Wave Signal Technique (SWT) and Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) nonlinear modeling. The signal, driving a system under test, is a logarithmically swept sine wave. Transfer functions of the system under test may be obtained from the response of the system and the swept sine wave "inverse filter" response. These transfer functions are further processed. Then the system under test can be considered as a MISO nonlinear model, consisting of a parallel combination of nonlinear branches, containing filters and memory-less power-law distortion functions. Such a model facilitates determination of a nonlinear response to the input signal. This method has been successfully used for analysis of various components of electro-acoustic and audio systems. In the first application described in our contribution, this method was used for a detailed analysis of transfer functions of a complete electro-acoustic system including an artificial head. This system is used for the analysis of spatial perception as well as determination of a signal compression impact on its perception. In the other application, this test method was used for measurement and evaluation of the whole transmission chain, from studio all the way to the listener. The signal source was a studio recorded CD that was transmitted by FM radio to the listener's receiver, where it was demodulated, monitored and analyzed. A good correlation with traditional methods of measurement was found.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{icsv17,
    author={Kadlec, F. and Ulovec, K. and Novak, A.},
    title={Application of SWT and MISO Methods for Measurement and Analysis of Electro-Acoustic and Audio Systems},
    booktitle={17th Internation congress on Sound and Vibration},
    year={2010},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, M. Bentahar, V. Tournat, R. El Guerjouma & L. Simon (2010), "Strutural Health Monitoring Based on Nonlinear System Identification", 10th French Congress of Acoustics.
Abstract: In classical nonlinear resonance experiments, we generally use of a gain/phase analyzer to excite and display the materials Frequency Response Function FRF. However, the latter response is obtained using a tracking filter around the fundamental excitation frequency. In that case, the obtained information is generally a combination of the desired response and a contribution of a power series of harmonics responses. Moreover, the filtering procedure prevents from having higher harmonics responses whose knowledge is important in nonlinear damage characterization. In this contribution we propose a nonlinear system identification method based on an exponential swept-sine drive signal. The recorded response of the material under test is convolved with an inverse filter to obtain the nonlinear responses corresponding to the harmonics usually eliminated by the gain/phase analyzer filtering system. Therefore, a single swept-sine experiment allows to estimate higher harmonics responses (amplitude and phase) depending on the nonlinear behaviour of the material. The first measurements performed on a damaged polymer-based composite reveal that higher harmonics, generally neglected in nonlinear damage characterization because of the tracking filter, are very sensitive to damage and hence deserve more attention than usual. As the sensors stand by the structure this method could be used advantageously in Structural Health Monitoring.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{CFA10_02,
    author={Novak, A. and Bentahar, M. and Tournat, V. and El Guerjouma, R. and Simon, L.},
    title={Strutural Health Monitoring Based on Nonlinear System Identification},
    booktitle={10th French Congress of Acoustics},
    year={2010},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, L. Simon, P. Lotton & J. Gilbert (2010), "Nonlinear Analysis and Modeling of Electrodynamic Loudspeakers Based on Exponential Swept Sine Input Signal", 10th French Congress of Acoustics.
Abstract: Many real-world systems exhibit nonlinear behavior that must be taken into account when modeling such systems. In practise, especially in the field of electro-acoustics, nonlinearities appear with increasing input level. These nonlinearities are usually modeled by adding nonlinear parameters to the linear model, but the determination of nonlinear physical parameters is rather difficult problem. The authors present a simple method for analysis and identification of nonlinear systems, based on swept-sine signal excitation. The method is based on nonlinear convolution, firstly proposed by Angelo Farina [1], which serves for analysis of nonlinear amplitude characteristics. The result of the nonlinear convolution method is the set of harmonic distortion products (higher order nonlinear impulse responses) that can be expressed either in the form of the separated impulse responses or in the form of frequency dependent components. The original method [1] was improved in order to analyze also the phase charceristics of all the nonlinear parts. Therefore, the excitation sweep signal from the improved method [2] has to be setup very properly. The precisely measured nonlinear amplitude and phase characteristics can be used for analysis of the nonlinear system under test, or for identification of a nonlinear model (i.e. generalized Hammerstein model). The method is presented here when studying an electrodynamic loudspeaker from the nonlinear point of view. More precisely the electrodynamic loudspeaker under test is characterized by its electrical impedance leading to Thiele/Small parameters in a nonlinear framework. [1] A. Farina, ''Simultaneous measurement of impulse response and distortion with a swept-sine technique'', in Proc. 108th AES Convention, Paris, February, 2000. [2] A. Novak et al., ''Nonlinear System Identification Using Exponential Swept Sine Signal'', accepted for publication in IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement, 2009
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{CFA10_01,
    author={Novak, A. and Simon, L. and Lotton, P. and Gilbert, J.},
    title={Nonlinear Analysis and Modeling of Electrodynamic Loudspeakers Based on Exponential Swept Sine Input Signal},
    booktitle={10th French Congress of Acoustics},
    year={2010},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, M. Bentahar, V. Tournat, R. El Guerjouma & L. Simon (2010), "Can nonlinear convolution improve damage characterization using acoustic methods ?", 5eme Colloque Interdisciplinaire en Instrumentation.
Abstract: This work presents an original damage characterisation method of homogeneous and heterogeneous solids using a signal processing-based experimental approach. Convolution nonlinear method is used in order to improve experimental observations allowing to measure simultaneously the well known vibration spectrum, classically found using analysers, and harmonic spectrums which are out of reach when using the same analysers. The experimental approach has been validated to characterise a progressive damage corresponding to materials of different shape and nature (glass beads, polymer-based composite plates).
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{C2I,
    author={Novak, A. and Bentahar, M. and Tournat, V. and El Guerjouma, R. and Simon, L.},
    title={Can nonlinear convolution improve damage characterization using acoustic methods ?},
    booktitle={5eme Colloque Interdisciplinaire en Instrumentation},
    year={2010},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, L. Simon, F. Kadlec & P. Lotton (2009), "Modeling of Nonlinear Audio Systems using Swept-Sine signals: Application to audio effects", Proc. of the 12th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-09).
Abstract: In this paper a new method for analysis and modeling of nonlinear audio systems is presented. The method is based on swept-sine excitation signal and nonlinear convolution firstly presented in [1, 2]. It can be used in nonlinear processing for audio applications, to simulate analog nonlinear effects (distortion effects, limiters) in digital domain.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{novak2009modeling,
    author={Novak, A. and Simon, L. and Kadlec, F. and Lotton, P},
    title={Modeling of Nonlinear Audio Systems using Swept-Sine signals: Application to audio effects},
    booktitle={Proc. of the 12th Int. Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-09)},
    year={2009},
    organization={}
}
Novak A., Bentahar B., Tournat V., Simon L. & (2009), "Sensitive Damage Characterization Based on Nonlinear System Identification", ICNEW XIV.
Abstract:
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{ICNEW,
    author={Novak A., and Bentahar B., and Tournat V., and Simon L., and El Guerjouma R.},
    title={Sensitive Damage Characterization Based on Nonlinear System Identification},
    booktitle={ICNEW XIV},
    year={2009},
    organization={}
}
F. Kadlec & A. Novak (2008), "Measurement and Analysis of Non-linear Distortion of Electro-acoustic and Audio Systems", 15th Internation congress on Sound and Vibration.
Abstract: A novel technique for analysis of nonlinear distortion of electro-acoustic and audio systems is presented. The method is based on the combination of a Sweep sine Wave signal Technique (SWT) and a Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) nonlinear modeling. The signal driving a system under test is a logarithmic sine wave sweep. The response of the system under test is acquired and used in a convolution with swept sine wave "inverse filter" response to obtain a set of transfer functions. This set of transfer functions provides information about harmonic distortion. These transfer functions are further processed. Then the system under test can be modeled as a MISO nonlinear model, consisting of a parallel combination of nonlinear branches containing filters and memory-less power-law distortion functions. Such a model facilitates determination of a nonlinear response to the input signal. This method was used to analyze transfer functions of various components of electro-acoustic systems. It was applied to testing of recording and reproduction equipment for audio signals, including equipment for their further digital signal processing. During testing of multichannel systems, the method enables evaluation of not only individual channels, but also their mutual interaction. A good correlation with traditional methods of distortion measurement has been shown.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{ICSV15,
    author={Kadlec, F. and Novak, A.},
    title={Measurement and Analysis of Non-linear Distortion of Electro-acoustic and Audio Systems},
    booktitle={15th Internation congress on Sound and Vibration},
    year={2008},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, L. Simon, J. Gilbert, P. Lotton & F. Kadlec (2008), "Comparison of non Linear System Identification Methods : the Example of non Linear Propagation of Acoustic Waves in Ducts", Proceedings of Acoustics'08 Paris.
Abstract: The weakly non linear propagation of travelling acoustic waves in ducts is a well known problem leading to approximated analytical solutions. From an experimental point of view, the classical way for estimating the non linear parameters of propagation is to generate sine waves and to analyse the higher order harmonics as a function of the amplitude and the frequency of the excitation. In this work, new methods for estimating the non linear parameters of propagation are developed and compared to the sine excitation based method. The excitation signals associated to these new methods can be stationary noise or logarithmic chirps. For these excitation signals, the data processing is based on Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) direct path method. The comparison is made in terms of signal to noise ratio robustness and computation time. Experimental and theoretical results are also compared. We particularly show that a measurement using only one logarithmic chirp allows estimating accurate results for a broad band of amplitudes and frequencies. Associated computational time is then drastically reduced.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{Acoustics08,
    author={Novak, A. and Simon, L. and Gilbert, J. and Lotton, P. and Kadlec, F.},
    title={Comparison of non Linear System Identification Methods : the Example of non Linear Propagation of Acoustic Waves in Ducts},
    booktitle={Proceedings of Acoustics'08 Paris},
    year={2008},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, L. Simon, F. Kadlec & P. Lotton (2008), "A New Method for Identification of Nonlinear Systems Using MISO Model with Swept-Sine Technique: Application to Loudspeaker Analysis", 124th AES Convention.
Abstract: This work presents a Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) nonlinear model in combination with sine-sweep signals as a method for nonlinear system identification. The method is used for identification of loudspeaker nonlinearities and can be applied to nonlinearities of any audio components. It extends the method based on nonlinear convolution presented by Farina, providing a nonlinear model that allows to simulate the identified nonlinear system. The MISO model consists of a parallel combination of nonlinear branches containing linear filters and memory-less power-law distortion functions. Once the harmonic distortion components are identified by the method of Farina, the linear filters of the MISO model can be derived. The practical application of the method is demonstrated on a loudspeaker.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{aes08,
    author={Novak, A. and Simon, L. and Kadlec, F. and Lotton, P.},
    title={A New Method for Identification of Nonlinear Systems Using MISO Model with Swept-Sine Technique: Application to Loudspeaker Analysis},
    booktitle={124th AES Convention},
    year={2008},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak, F. Kadlec, L. Simon & P. Lotton (2008), "Direct Path MISO method: Identification of Nonlinear Electro-acoustic Systems", Proceedings of Workshop 2008.
Abstract:
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{worshop08,
    author={Novak, A. and Kadlec, F. and Simon, L. and Lotton, P.},
    title={Direct Path MISO method: Identification of Nonlinear Electro-acoustic Systems},
    booktitle={Proceedings of Workshop 2008},
    year={2008},
    organization={Czech Technical University in Prague}
}
A. Novak & F. Rund (2007), "Systematicke chyby pri analyze nelinearnich systemu", Technical Computing Prague 2007.
Abstract:
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{humsoft2007novak,
    author={Novak, A. and Rund, F.},
    title={Systematicke chyby pri analyze nelinearnich systemu},
    booktitle={Technical Computing Prague 2007},
    year={2007},
    organization={}
}
F. Kadlec & A. Novak (2007), "Comparision of Measurements Method for Analysis Electro-acoustic Systems with Non-linearities", 19th International Congress on Acoustics.
Abstract: The great level of excitation of electro-acoustic systems may cause a nonlinear distortion of signal, which has an effect on its perception. For analysing and monitoring functionality of such a system there are two methods, Multiple-Input Single-Output method for nonlinear systems and a method utilizing sweep sine wave signals, which are compared in this contribution. The first method uses a stationary Gaussian random process as the input signal. Then a nonlinear system is represented by a multiple inputs linear system and additional nonlinear inputs are determined according to decorrelated power series expansion of the main input signal. The second method uses a logarithmic sweep signal as the input signal. The impulse response of the system is obtained by a convolution of the system response to the input sweep signal and the "inverse filter". The impulse response consists of several distorted partial components. These two methods have been compared from the accuracy of the algorithmic point of view and also by measuring by an electro-acoustic system.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{ica02,
    author={Kadlec, F. and Novak, A.},
    title={Comparision of Measurements Method for Analysis Electro-acoustic Systems with Non-linearities},
    booktitle={19th International Congress on Acoustics},
    year={2007},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak (2007), "Identification of Nonlinearity of Electro-acoustic Systems using a Direct Path MISO Method", 19th International Congress on Acoustics.
Abstract: The work deals with the Direct Path Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) method adapted for the identification of Nonlinearity of Electro-acoustic Systems. The method is based on a blind identification which uses decorrelated power series expansion, without having any knowledge of the shape of the nonlinear function. The nonlinear Direct Path model is represented by an equivalent Multiple-Input Single-Output linear model, where the inputs are nonlinear contributions of the original input signal. Each branch of a complex nonlinear model, with its nonlinear input, represents a "separable nonlinearity" or a static nonlinearity that is followed by a linear system so that the memory effect is represented by a linear filter. The input signal for identification is a record from stationary Gaussian random process. The method has been numerically tested on static nonlinear systems, such as limiter and death-zone systems. Also, an experiment on real electro-acoustic system has been performed.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{ica01,
    author={Novak, A.},
    title={Identification of Nonlinearity of Electro-acoustic Systems using a Direct Path MISO Method},
    booktitle={19th International Congress on Acoustics},
    year={2007},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak (2007), "Identification of Nonlinear Systems: MISO modeling", Poster 2007.
Abstract: Abstract. In this paper, the fundamentals of analysis of nonlinear systems using the direct path MISO method (Multiple Input / Single Output ) with the input signal as a record from stationary gaussian (ergodic) random process with zero mean value will be introduced. The MISO technique for linear system is well known in many fields of science and technical applications and the first publications using MISO technique for nonlinear systems was presented by J.S.Bendat. This technique has been used in some acoustical applications (for example in vibration analysis). This paper will discuss the application of MISO method for general nonlinear system using a polynomial series. An easy experiment will be conducted to show the functionality of this method.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{poster02,
    author={Novak, A.},
    title={Identification of Nonlinear Systems: MISO modeling},
    booktitle={Poster 2007},
    year={2007},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak (2007), "Identification of Nonlinear Systems: Volterra Series", Poster 2007.
Abstract: Traditional measurement of multimedia systems such as linear impulse response, transfer function, are sufficient but not faultless. For these methods the pure linear system is considered. Nonlinearities, which are usually included in the most of real systems are disregarded. One of the simple methods that can describe the nonlinear system used in practice is coefficient of distortion or intermodulation distortion, but these methods cannot be used to determine nonlinearities themselves. This paper describe one of the methods to identify nonlinear systems called Volterra Series. A simplification for this method is proposed and an experiment with audio amplifier is shown to test this method.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{poster03,
    author={Novak, A.},
    title={Identification of Nonlinear Systems: Volterra Series},
    booktitle={Poster 2007},
    year={2007},
    organization={}
}
F. Rund & A. Novak (2006), "Problem spatne synchronizace vzorkovacich kmitoctu u MLS signalu: Model v prostredi MATLAB", Technical Computing Prague 2006.
Abstract:
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{humsoft06,
    author={Rund, F. and Novak, A.},
    title={Problem spatne synchronizace vzorkovacich kmitoctu u MLS signalu: Model v prostredi MATLAB},
    booktitle={Technical Computing Prague 2006},
    year={2006},
    organization={}
}
A. Novak (2006), "Digital Loudspeaker Arrays Analysis", Poster 2006.
Abstract: This paper deals with the properties of loudspeaker with direct digital to analog conversion, the basic goal being to replace D/A converter , amplifier , and classic speakers. The advantages of this system should be lower operating costs and greater applicability. The main part of this paper is aimed at analyzing the signals acquired from the theoretical model of the digital loudspeaker arrays (DLA) with regards to the arangement of elements on the transducer field and the point of observation.
BibTeX:
@inproceedings{poster01,
    author={Novak, A.},
    title={Digital Loudspeaker Arrays Analysis},
    booktitle={Poster 2006},
    year={2006},
    organization={}
}

Ph.D. Thesis

Novak, A. (2009), "Identification of Nonlinear Systems in Acoustics". School: Université du Maine, Le Mans, France AND Czech Technical University, Prague, Czech Republic.
BibTeX:
@phdthesis{thesis_novak,
  author = {Novak, A.},
  title = {Identification of Nonlinear Systems in Acoustics},
  school = {Universit du Maine, Le Mans, France AND Czech Technical University, Prague, Czech Republic},
  year = {2009}
}

Created by JabRef.




© 2014 Antonin Novak - homepage (All Rights Reserved)